Survival Methods For Hard Times

HOW TO MAKE A TIN CAN STERNO STOVE:

By an eHow Contributor

When it comes to surviving in the wilderness, you’re not going to have the comfort of a large stove, microwave or fine china on which to eat. Here’s how to make a simple sterno stove out of just a few items.

Instructions

Things You’ll Need

  • 2 can openers (1 to open juice and 1 to open beans)
  • Screw
  • Screwdriver
  • Pocket knife
  • Pliers
  • Sterno
  • Wire hanger
  • Can of food you want to heat
  • Container that can fit heated food
    • 1

      Open the can of food with a can opener and pour it into the separate container. This will hold the food while you make the stove. Also remove any stickers or labels on the outside of the can.

    • 2

      Make six holes with the small can opener (the one that you’d open a can of juice with) on one end of the can. These holes will be made on the end of the can that is still closed. The holes will allow oxygen into the can and help the fire of the sterno burn.

    • 3

      Poke 4 holes on the top of the can using your screw and screwdriver. You can also use a drill, though if you are traipsing through the woods, you probably don’t have one available. Make the holes so that they align with 2 on one side and 2 on the other.

    • 4

      Bend the wire coat hanger until you make a narrow “u” shape.

    • 5

      Insert the wire hanger into the holes you just made. This will serve as the cooking rack in the sterno can stove.

    • 6

      Remove the bottom of the tin can. Both ends of the tin can must ultimately removed so that once the sterno is lit, you can slide the tin can over the sterno.

    • 7

      Flatten any sharp parts of the tin can using pliers. You’ve made a lot of jagged cuts into the tin can. Take a moment to squeeze the pliers around these jagged cuts so that you don’t cut yourself.

    • 8

      Light the sterno and cook your meal. After the sterno is lit, slide the tin can oven over it. Then place soup, beans or other food items on the stove and eat them when hot.

Tips & Warnings

  • Be careful not to burn yourself on the tin can after it is lit. The sterno will make the entire piece quite hot. You should place the stove on a rock or dirt to avoid a fire.

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HOW TO MAKE STERNO FUEL:

By an eHow Contributor  updated September 03, 2010

Sterno is a gel fuel that can be lit to create a temporary heat source. Sterno typically comes in small shallow cans, like those used for tuna fish and cat food. Inside the can, a wick is lit, and the flame is placed under an aluminum pan or tray to heat or warm food. You can mix your own Sterno fuel using paraffin wax or gelled denatured ethanol, and you can create your own Sterno containers as well.

Instructions

Things You’ll Need

  • Old pot
  • Stove
  • Paraffin wax bricks
  • Metal stirrer
  • Denatured ethanol
  • Calcium carbonate (egg shells/chalk)
  • Vinegar
  • Glass dish
  • Filter paper
  • 2-inch cotton yarn
  • Steel paper clip
  • Clean cat food or tuna fish can
  1. Paraffin Wax Fuel

    • 1

      Place the pot on the stove and turn the stove to high.

    • 2

      Add the blocks of paraffin wax to the pot.

    • 3

      Mix occasionally with the metal stirrer until the wax has melted.

    • 4

      Reduce the heat to low. Add 5-25%, by volume, denatured ethanol. The more ethanol added, the faster and hotter the fuel will burn. You must use 100% (200-proof) ethanol, since 95.5% (192-proof) ethanol will not mix well with the wax.

    • 5

      Mix the the ethanol and wax together until it is homogeneous.

    Gelled Ethanol Fuel

    • 1

      Combine about 25 grams of calcium carbonate and 100 milliliters of vinegar in a small dish.

    • 2

      Mix with the stirring rod until there are no more bubbles being formed. Add a little more calcium carbonate and mix again.

    • 3

      Pour the mixture through the filter paper into the old pot to eliminate excess calcium carbonate.

    • 4

      Place the pot on the stove. Heat on medium to boil away half of the solution.

    • 5

      Add 30 milliliters of ethanol and stir to mix fully.

    Making the Can

    • 1

      Tie the end of the piece of yarn to the center of the paper clip.

    • 2

      Place the paper clip on the bottom of the can while holding the other end of the yarn straight up.

    • 3

      Pour the fuel into the can.

    • 4

      Allow the hot wax to fully cool or the gelled ethanol to fully solidify before using the can.

Tips & Warnings

  • Ethanol and paraffin wax are flammable. Care should be taken when using either around a heat source.

References

Please Click Here To Read the Article!!

HOW TO USE STERNO COOKING FUEL:

By Dan Boone, eHow Contributor  updated January 03, 2011

How to Use Sterno Cooking Fuelthumbnail

Using Sterno is easy, but requires caution.

Sterno has been used for decades in restaurants, camps and for outdoor functions as a heating source to cook food and keep it hot. Sterno is solidified alcohol packed into a small cylindrical canister. Sterno burns steadily with a heat indicator that relays temperature up to 200 degrees. A 7-ounce can burns up to two hours.

Instructions

Things You’ll Need

  • Sterno
  • Chafing dish or urn with heat cup
  • Spoon to open a lid
  • Water
    • 1

      Pry Sterno lid off with a blunt object, such as a spoon. Never use a knife. Cup hand over the lid as you open the can. Wash any fuel residue off your hands.

    • 2

      Place Sterno can in slot beneath chafing dish, beverage urn or stove. Make sure can is securely placed in equipment. Fill water pan, urn or kettle body with water. Light Sterno using long handled match or butane lighter, rather than a regular matchbook match, which is not as safe. Do not carry chafing dishes or beverage urn after you have lit the Sterno.

    • 3

      Place chafing dish or urn carefully over the flame. Extinguish flame after use with a snuffer paddle or saucer. Wait until can is completely cool before touching or transporting after use.

Tips & Warnings

  • Store Sterno in a cool dry place away from heat sources with adequate ventilation. Keep the container closed when not in use.

References

Please Click Here To Read the Article!!

HOW TO BAKE IN TIN CANS:

By Julie Richards, eHow Contributor

Cakes come in every shape and size. Specialty cakes created for weddings, birthdays and anniversaries vary from simple designs to ornate creations. Certain shapes are almost impossible to create. Short of sculpting the cake after it is baked, the chef has no option but to bake in tin cans for tubular cakes used to make tree trunks among other things.

Instructions

Things You’ll Need

  • Cooking spray with added flour or vegetable oil
  • Baking sheet
  • Bamboo skewer
  • Metal file
    • 1

      Clean the can thoroughly to remove any food particles or metal shavings. A metal file run along the cut edges of the can removes any sharp or jagged pieces of metal formed along the rim when the can was opened. Remove the label from the can and the glue left from the label, which sometimes sticks to the sides.

    • 2

      Coat the inside of the can with the cooking spray or oil. Regular cooking spray sometimes fails to let the coffee can release the cake properly. A spray with flour added keeps the cake from sticking. Substitute regular vegetable oil or even shortening if you do not have the cooking spray.

    • 3

      Preheat the oven to the desired temperature called for in the recipe. Any cake recipe will bake perfectly in the coffee can. To bake several cakes at one time simply space them evenly apart on the cookie sheet.

    • 4

      Prepare the cake mix as desired and pour into the prepared can or cans. Gently tap the cans on the counter to settle the cake mix so no air pockets remain during baking. Place the can or cans onto the baking sheet.

    • 5

      Bake the required time for the recipe but check for doneness 10 minutes before the time is up by inserting a wooden skewer into the center of the cake. A clean skewer signifies the cake is done.

    • 6

      Remove the cake from the oven and let cool for 15 minutes. Run a knife along the inside of the coffee can to release the cake. Gently turn the coffee can upside down and shake to release the cake. Allow the cake to completely cool before decorating as desired.

Tips & Warnings

  • Small vegetable cans can be substituted for the larger coffee can if you are making individual gift cakes.
  • Only use regular tin cans. Do not use cans with any type of coating on the inside. The coating may come off during the baking session. Only use food-grade cans. Never use cans which stored cleaners, paint or other toxic chemicals.

References

Please Click Here To Read the Article!!

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Published on July 29, 2011 at 7:14 pm  Leave a Comment  

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